The history of art in all its myriad forms is as primal as the origin of mankind. The innate instinct to embody or symbolize everything that human beings envisage or observe in their immediate surroundings has been there since times immemorial. The various artistic expressions that can be classified under the broad categories of ‘visual arts’ and ‘performing arts’ have served as crucial platforms for articulating humanistic impressions at all stages of mankind’s evolution. Talking about the evolutionary phase of visual arts, especially paintings and drawings, their history spans millenniums starting from the Stone Age to the postmodernism/deconstructivism. In the following paragraphs, the major art phases that have contributed hugely to the development and evolution of the visual arts genres have been elucidated. There are huge amount of people who have built their careers through art. Professionalism is highly important whether it is arts or a roofing service. If a person is in search of roofing company Hamilton, OH then he would surely go with www.hamiltonroofpros.com.
- Stone Age (from 30, 000 BC-2500 BC)
The Stone Age is segregated and divided into three distinct phases-Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic. The Paleolithic stage which is the oldest is also the most extensive representing nearly 98% of the prehistoric era. Since humans had not discovered any writing, drawing or painting implements during these epochs, there obviously are no written records about art forms. Etchings and engravings found in caves and grottos around the world are concrete proof that Homo sapiens during their spare time indulged in giving vent to their artistic urges. Figurines and statuettes of living beings discovered in prehistoric ruins also prove the above assertion,
- Mesopotamian Era (3500BC-540 BC)
The civilizations thriving in the ancient empires of Assyria, Babylonia, Akkad, and Sumer (in what is now Turkey, Syria, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, and parts of Syria and other neighboring countries) are all clubbed under the Mesopotamian Era. Narratives and tales engraved in stone stabs and steles can be traced to this era. Standard of Ur and Hammurabi’s Code are two important discoveries belonging to the Mesopotamian Civilizations.
- Egyptian Civilization (3100BC-30 BC)
Who isn’t aware of the gigantic Sphinx, pyramids, and Giza of Egypt? Statues, busts, and figurines excavated from the ruins of the Egyptian Civilization point to the fact that art in several forms had reached dizzy heights.
- The Greek Civilization (850BC-31BC)
Art and architecture had attained a high degree of sophistication and perfection under the Hellenists or Greeks. Grecian columns or pillars (Corinthian, Ionic or Doric), Parthenon, and temples dedicated to Greek gods and goddesses that stand even to this day are concrete evidence of the above generalization.
- Roman Civilization (500BC-476 AD)
The artistic creations of craftsmen, architects, and artisans who existed during this period signify the level of perfection attained by the professionals. The Coliseum at Rome, amphitheatres, and the Pantheon devoted to all the deities of the Roman Empire were constructed during different phases of the Roman Civilization.
- Byzantine and Islamic (476AD-1456AD)
The Byzantine and Islamic civilizations that thrived in the historic regions of Levant, Middle East, North Africa et al saw the creation of awe-inspiring structures like the Alhambra and Hagia Sophia.
The subsequent periods in the sphere of art include the Middle Ages, Renaissance, Venetian, Baroque, Neoclassical, Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Fauvism, Expressionism, Dadaism, Surrealism, and Postmodernism.